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5 ways smoking affects your lungs

Smoking is very dangerous for your help. People who frequently smoke for a long time have the chance of having lung cancer. Smoking hurts your lungs badly. Here are five ways smoking can affect your lungs.

1. Cigarette smoke has chemicals that affect the body’s way of filtering air and cleaning the lungs. Smoke irritates the lungs and starts to produce too much mucus, thus blocking the airways.

2. Smoking paralyzes the cilia, which are small hair-like structures that line the airways. Cilia also clean out dirt and dust. When the cilia get paralyzed, mucus and toxic substances can accumulate and so results in the congestion of the lungs.

3. When extra mucus develops, smokers may suffer from chronic bronchitis or ‘smoker’s cough’. It affects the lungs.

4. Cigarette smoke may trigger asthma. The inflamed air passage becomes narrow when it gets exposed to smoke. As a result, the attack occurs.

5. Due to long-term exposure to tobacco, the normal structure of the lungs gets destroyed. The elastic structure of the small airways inside the lungs break down, reducing the amount of lung tissue available for transferring oxygen from the air to the blood.

If lung tissue gets damaged, then it can’t be fixed. Smoking may affect the health of others who live with you. People who are addicted to smoking finds it hard to get rid of the habit. But there are many options available today that helps you to quit smoking. So, we must stop smoking immediately. It is a bad habit and eventually leads to death.

Top 5 most deadly lung diseases people suffer from

Diseases related to lungs can be dangerous. They affect our breathing system. Here are the five most deadly lung diseases that people can have.

Tuberculosis (TB)

It is a bacterial infection that is found in lungs most of the time. These bacteria cause the tissue in body organs to die. People who are exposed to TB hardly develop any symptoms as the bacteria can live in an inactive stage in the body. The TB bacteria become active when the immune system weakens. If not treated, TB can be fatal.

Pulmonary Hypertension

People who suffer from pulmonary hypertension have very high blood pressure in the arteries of the lungs. Because fo this, the right side of the heart pumps blood harder which may cause heart failure.

Cystic Fibrosis

It is a genetic disease. It affects the glands that produce sweat and mucus. This condition causes the mucus to become thick and sticky. As it builds up, it can block airways in the lungs. Bacteria may slowly start growing in the area. Cystic Fibrosis also stops some digestive enzymes that are necessary for your digestion to reach your intestines. So, people who suffer from this disease often suffer from malnutrition.

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)

ARDS takes place when fluid builds up in the small air sacs in your lungs. If you have more fluid in your lungs, it means less oxygen will reach your bloodstream. ARDS usually is seen in people who are already critically ill or injured.

Lung Cancer

It occurs due to the uncontrolled development of abnormal cells in the lungs. It usually occurs in those who smoke. But recently lung cancer is seen in non-smokers as well.

All these diseases are deadly if left untreated. It is better to take steps to stop the diseases from happening in the first place so that you don’t suffer so much.

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